pest and diseases of rubber  

Before you bring a ficus tree home, consider the following needs of this particular plant: All trees have pest problems. The 5 most important diseases were studied in detail, i.e. If they are not a direct employee and are to give advice on treatment with pesticides they must be BASIS trained. — 176 p. — (Plant Protection Handbooks Series). Pests; Diseases; Parasitic and non-parasitic maladies; Bee Keeping in rubber plantations; Pests. But with the introduction of Hevea to new habitats as an agricultural crop, consequence in the number of diseases has increased tremendously. Plant Protection Equipments . Pests and Diseases of Potatoes: A Colour Handbook Wale S., Platt (Bud) H.W., Cattlin N.D. Manson Publishing, 2008. (2) Grasshoppers: They eat up the leaves and other soft vegetative parts of the plant. These changes will certainly have effects on productivity. Some of them eg. Seasonal Occurrence: The pest is active from July to November. Predation of insect pests is an indicator of healthy ecosystem functioning, which provides important ecosystem services, especially for agricultural systems. Aphids, scale insects, and mealy bugs — the standard houseplant pests — can also affect your ficus elastica. Some pests cause direct damage, such as quelea birds which feed on millet crops; other pests do not cause damage directly but can carry harmful micro-organisms such as fungi, bacteria or viruses. Quarantine. Carryover: Pest hibernate as a larva in stubble in the off season. Many insect and mites attack trees in Asia. A manual on the most important pests and diseases of the major food crops grown by smallholder farmers in Africa. Selection of such cultivars can bring down the losses considerably. " To be Internationally Recognized as the Premier Centre for Research and Development offering Excellent Products and Services in Tropical Plantation Tree Crops " Pests. Papaya Mealybug Management . RUBBER. without resistance to pests and diseases are the main causes of frequent epidemics and mass multiplication of pests and diseases. Overall, ficus elastica is a hardy plant that can tolerate most growing conditions. Rubber Research Institute of India, Rubber Board, Kottayam -9 jacob@rubberboard.org.in WHAT IS RUBBER CLINIC? THIS is a most notable addition to books on the diseases of tropical crop plants. They feed on roots of nursery plants. Relatively few species cause significant crop loss in their own right, and are only a problem when the population exceeds damaging thresholds. Like many houseplants, it’s still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. White grubs are the most serious pest in the nurseries. Human efforts to control pests have a long history. MAJOR PESTS AND DISEASES. They are larvae of cockchafer beetles. scenario of diseases and pests on rubber tree. Garden Pests and Diseases for the Rubber Tree Plant. Origins of agriculture - Origins of agriculture - Pest and disease control in crops: Wherever agriculture has been practiced, pests have attacked, destroying part or even all of the crop. Cocoa is very susceptible to pests and diseases right from the moment the seeds are sown. Recent Updates: Pest and Disease Surveillance and Forecast Report. Cocoa: Pests and Diseases. Fungi, bacteria and viruses can cause various diseases; for example: several species of aphid spread the virus that causes yam mosaic virus disease. Diseases and pests of the rubber tree. Severely affected portions dry up and die. Pests and Diseases in Rubber Plantation:- Scale insect, Termite (White ant), Mealy bug, Cockchafer grub and Mites are the main pests in rubber plantation. Pests and Diseases. Web-based distance diagnostic information system (DDIS) • Quick detection, diagnosis and management of pests and diseases of natural rubber • Information on cultivati on, management … Insect pests Several insect pests attack rubber plant. Therefore, studying the impact of climate change on important plant diseases and pests is essential to minimize yield and quality losses, helping in the selection of strategies to work around problems. 1921 pp.x + 278 pp. Control Pests of Maize Charlotte Gerber (author) from upstate New York on September 04, 2011: Hi Bigby, usually any sticky substance on the ficus means it is oozing sap, and probably has some sucking insects affecting it. Avian conservation practices strengthen ecosystem services in California vineyards. Abstract The most common diseases (19) and insects (13) on rubber trees in Vietnam have been identified. The following are the control measures of these pests: Scale Insect: Spray malathion @ 50 EC 2 ml/liter of water. Most are easily preventable with a bit of care, though. Overview. It attacks and severely damages palms of all ages but is most important in young plantations. Managementues for High Temperature Stress in Crops. Natural Pest & Disease Control. Few studies have included detailed investigations of the interactions of agroforestry techniques with pests and diseases, although the relevance of such interactions has long been recognized. Integrated Pest Management. Pests and diseases of Hevea rubber and their geographical distribution. 53 South American leaf blightblight MicrocyclusMicrocyclusuleiulei; South and Central South and Central americaamerica;; MostseriousdiseaseofMost serious disease of rubber;rubber; Most Asian and Most … Crop Diseases. PEST Introduction Insect and mammalian pest is not as problematic as in other crops But if left unattended they may cause setback on growth or even death of trees Common Pests of Rubber in Malaysia Common Name Scientific Name Nature of Damage Pest Status A. Insect Pest Attacking Scale insect (Saissetia nigra Nietn.) [Google Scholar] Jedlicka J. A large number of cultivars resistance/tolerance to pest and diseases has been developed to suit different agro-ecosystems. Animal pests and fungal diseases attack both types of palm. Incidence: The most important animal pest of palms is the rhinoceros beetle, occurring in the Far East, in Africa, in Central America and the Pacific Islands. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sharples, Arnold. Disease surveys were conducted to appraise the incidence and severity of major leaf diseases of rubber in the non-traditional rubber growing areas of South India. Control a Spray with insecticides like vetox 85, and practice crop rotation. Presently, rubber plantations in Sri Lanka suffer from more than 20 diseases - The damage caused by insect pests is one of the primary factors leading to the reduced production of major crops. Symptoms: Small insects with an outer black, dome-shaped covering, occur on leaflets, petioles and tender shoot portions and suck the sap. Bulletin Rubber Restoration Institute Sri Lanka, 40, 1–8. Biological Control. Pesticides. habitat under forest conditions pest and diseases were of very little importance due to the balance in nature. PEST AND DISEASES OF MAIZE Pests of Maize (1) Stem borers: The larvae bore holes into young stems and destroy the tissue, leading to low yield or death of the plant. In modern usage, the term pest includes animals (mostly insects), fungi, plants, bacteria, and viruses. Approved Uses … In the South Pacific Islands up to 50% of young palms have been destroyed. Abnormal leaf fall (ALF) disease caused by Phytophthora sp., powdery mildew (PM) caused Diseases and pests of Hevea brasiliensis in Vietnam. Crop Pests and Diseases. All the plant parts including the pods are affected by various pests (Conway, 1971; Pang & Syed, 1971; Shah, 1976 and Mainstone, 1978) and diseases (Liu & Liew, 1975; Turner & Shepherd, 1978 and Varghese, 1985). Melay bug: Spray fish oil rosin-soap 25 grams/liter. Common Diseases of Rubber and their Management I. Foliar Diseases 1. Some wood borers attack rubber wood. A., Greenberg R., & Letourneau D. K. (2011). Yes, pests can carry pests with them, too. London, Macmillan and Co., 1936 (OCoLC)551593953 Book : The Diseases and Pests of the Rubber Tree. Assessment should be done by a trained person with normal eyesight who recognises the range of important pests and diseases and natural enemies of apple and their damage symptoms and who understands the principles of Integrated Pest and Disease Management. 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