vodun: african voodoo  

They believe that there are spiritual and divine elements that govern essentially everything from earth, nature, humans, etc. Vodun is one of the most misunderstood religions today. Benin. Vodun is still practiced by the majority of Haiti even though the majority also call themselves Christian. In the Vodun religion, wisdom is sought from those that have entered the spirit life. In the Vodun religion, the belief is also that when an individual passes away, their spirit continues to live side by side with the living world. Perceived similarities with Roman Catholic doctrines such as the intercession of saints and angels allowed Vodun to appear compatible with Catholicism, and helped produce syncretic religions such as Haitian Vodou. Being old he is seen as wise, but when seen as a child he is one who is rebellious. ( Log Out /  Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. Vodun dates back thousands of years, but in the 1800’s during slavery in Haiti, living history provides a clearer understanding of its origin. Learn how your comment data is processed. Recently there have been moves to restore the place of Vodun in national society, such as an annual International Vodun Conference held in the city of Ouidah in Benin that has been held since 1991. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo (vû'dû) by the public. Voodoo was born in the West African nation of Benin. It is a true religion formed together by a group of oppressed people that were forced to take on the beliefs of another society. Hardcover, illustrated boards (issued without DJ), 12.75" x 9.75", 235 pages, 75 African voodoo figures in color, several b/w field photos, short bibliography. The divine Creator, called variously Mawu or Mahu, is a female being. They actuallyworship the divine elements present on the Earth, and their cosmological aurarevolves around t… Sakpata: Vodun of the Earth, Xêvioso (or Xêbioso): Vodun of Thunder, also associated with Divine Justice, Agbe: Vodun of the Sea, Gû: Vodun of Iron and War, Agê: Vodun of Agriculture and Forests, Jo: Vodun of Air, and Lêgba: Vodun of the Unpredictable. It works for those who believe it. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Like many other religions, there is not one category that the believers of Vodun can be lumped into. For starters, voodoo or vodun is officially a national religion in the coastal West African state helmed between Nigeria and Togo. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Vodun is a way of life in which a number of spirits or deities are called upon and celebrated, including ancestors or elders in the spiritual world. Template:Alternateuses. "It was given official status as a national religion in 2003 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, then Haitian president" 1. Vodun … One very misunderstood practice with Vodun is the Voodoo doll. Haitian Voodoo is has some features that distinguishing it from African Voodoo. The Dominican Republic occupies the other two-thirds. African Vodun. African Origins. Vodun probably started as a combination of what two beliefs? is an indigenous organized religion of coastal West Africa from Nigeria to Ghana. In the centuries-old African American culture, we have often called the people practicing the magical traditions carried into the New World from their ancestors residing in the areas of West Africa as Voodoo, Vodou, Vudu or the Vodun. So...a split-personality book which overall does a good job in telling us how and why voodoo/vodun originated in Africa, and how it was later taken to the Caribbean during the slave trade. Voodoo Voodoo or Vodun which means spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc is practiced by the Ewe people of eastern and southern Ghana and southern and central Togo and the Kabye people, Mina people and Fon people of southern and central Togo and southern and central Benin. The name comes from vodun. Specifically, they are objects inhabited by spirits. The name was derived from the god Vodun of the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. This misunderstanding has caused many unfortunate issues over the years. Patterns of worship follow various dialects, spirits, practices, songs, and rituals. is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria.. It is sometimes referred to as Mississippi Valley Voodoo when referring to its historic popularity and development in the greater Mississippi Valley. [African Culture Vodun Voodoo] In the footsteps of my ancestors: Voyage to Benin West Africa. Writing about my mystical journey through the universe. The Fon people, who ruled over the vast Dahomey empire in West Africa from the 17th through 19th centuries, incorporated the religions and gods of the people they conquered. This is how medicines such as herbal remedies are understood, and explains the ubiquitous use of mundane objects in religious ritual. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo (vû'dû) by the public. is a traditional organised religion of coastal West Africa from Nigeria to Ghana. Vodun is the spiritual religion of the Fon people of Benin and is practiced throughout West Africa. Voodoo is a religion practiced by people of African descent in Haiti, and by people who have emigrated from Haiti. The Vodouisant will use cornmeal or another such powder to draw the symbols. This is much the same as what the believer of Vodun uses. "Voodoo" is derived from Vodun, the indigenous African word, meaning spirit. Priestesses, like priests, receive a calling from an oracle, which may come at any moment during their lives. From this religion Voodoo was formed. Legba is often represented as a phallus or as a man with a prominent phallus. They have one supreme deity known as Bondye that has a less than hands on relationship with the Vodouisants. [African Culture Vodun Voodoo] In the footsteps of my ancestors: Voyage to Benin West Africa. She is one of the most important members of community. A lot of the rituals in Vodun includes symbolic drawings and music. Adherents also emphasize ancestor worship and hold that the spirits of the dead live side by side with the world of the living, each family of spirits having its own female priesthood, sometimes hereditary when it’s from mother to blood daughter. Each Iwa has their own symbol with many other symbols associated to them. In the past when the men of the villages would go to war, the Queen Mothers would lead prayer ceremonies in which all the women attended every morning to ensure the safe return of their menfolk. It was brought to Louisiana from West Africa and the Haitian exiles after the revolution. Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, pronounced with a nasal high-tone u; also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) Vodou is a creolized religion forged by descendants of Dahomean, Kongo, Yoruba, and other African ethnic groups who had been enslaved and brought to colonial Saint-Domingue (as Haiti was known then) and Christianized by Roman Catholic missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. Vodun has many names that it is referred to such as Voodoo, Vodoun, and Vodou. The vodun are the center of religious life. A group of Africans from around America come to the palace to receive in-depth spiritual readings and personal advice. Benin. Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) A group of Africans from around America come to the palace to receive in-depth spiritual readings and personal advice. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) In the centuries-old African American culture, we have often called thepeople practicing the magical traditions carried into the New World from their ancestors residing in the areas of West Africa as Voodoo, Vodou, Vudu or the Vodun.The people practicing this religious tradition are mostly found in, or descended from, Ghana, Central Togo,Lagos, and Ogun, which is situated in the southwest of Nigeria. The Dominican Republic occupies the other two-thirds. Vodun or Voodoo as it is more popularly known as, is not some mysterious magical evil practice. Though the path they take is not the same, and the Higher Power may go by a different “name”, ultimately the idea is the same. Rather than assume one knows what Vodun is and believe that it is all about Satan and evil worshiping, one would benefit from doing a little research first. The belief by those that are unknowledgeable about the religion is that an individual that practices Vodun uses the doll as a tool to cause pain and misery for others. Your email address will not be published. Cocoon paper container grows trees in the desert, 5 African secret societies you might not know of. Vodun (Voodoo)The transatlantic slave trade removed Africans from their lands, families, and cultures. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. The name was derived from the god Vodun of the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. Lisa is the sun god who brings the day and the heat, and also strength and energy. Vodun is a way of life in which a number of spirits or deities are called upon and celebrated, including ancestors or elders in the spiritual world. The entities that inhabit a fetish are able to perform different tasks according to their stage of development. The name comes from vodun. That country occupied parts of today's Togo, Benin and Nigeria. The vodun are the centre of religious life, similarly in many ways to the cult of intercession of saints and angels that made Vodun compatible with Christianity, especially Catho… On the island of Haiti, the Fon people from Dahomey (Benin), and also the Yorubas, Kongos, and others, combined their African beliefs with Catholic lithographs, rites, and practices into a coherent whole. Book Rating : 7/10. Haiti is a country that occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. Many sectors within the African Diaspora such as Haitian Voodoo, Louisiana Voodoo, and Candomble, are practiced throughout the world, particularly in the Caribbean. "Voodoo" is derived from Vodun, the indigenous African word, meaning spirit. Vodun has many names that it is referred to such as Voodoo, Vodoun, and Vodou. Vodun for Ogun, the God of War Spiritual ways originated from the traditions of afrikan diaspora. Fetish objects are often combined together in the construction of “shrines”, used to call forth specific vodun and their associated powers. Mawu, the moon goddess, provides the cool of the night, peace, fertility, and rain. West African voodoo – known as vodun – is getting a new lease of life in its place of birth, Benin, after centuries of repression. It is distinct from the various African traditional religions in the interiors of these countries and is the main source of religions with similar names found among the African Diaspora in the New World such as Haitian Vodou; Cuban Vodú; Dominican Vudú; Brazilian Vodum and Louisiana Voodoo. ( Log Out /  Various forms of magic are used for the betterment of those who follow it. To give this in a summed aspect, a proverb says ‘When Lisa punishes Mawu forgives. The name was derived from the god Vodun of the West African Yoruba people who lived in 18th and 19th century Dahomey. Aug 31, 2020 - Explore Alex Beck's board "African Voodoo" on Pinterest. The Queen Mother is the first daughter of a matriarchal lineage of a family collective. Other popular Lwa, or spiritual entities, include Azaka who rules over agriculture, Erzuli has domain over love, and Ogoun who is in charge of war, defense and who stands on guard. Vodun is one of the very few _____ religions to survive into modern times. The loa, or major divine beings of Voodoo, or Vodun, are spirits who serve as intermediaries between man and Bondye, the supreme Voodoo god.The loa, or lwa, appear in different families, including the Ghede, Petro, and Radha.They are typically considered lesser divine figures, with the supreme god being Bondye, the creator. ‘vodun’ african voodoo fondation cartier, paris, france until 25 september, 2011 . the practice of vodun has always been confined to an intellectual elite. Known as the youngest son of Mawu, he is the chief of all Vodun divinities; in his Diasporic portrayal, Legba is believed to be a very old man who walks on crutches. As mentioned earlier, drum and dancing are one form of communication with the spirits of the dead. European colonialism, followed by some of the totalitarian regimes in West Africa, have tried to suppress Vodun as well as other traditional religions. The belief is that the individual attaches “magically” the name of someone that they plan to cause harm to, to the doll. In truth the Voodoo doll is used as a dedication to a specific Iwa and used to attract that Iwa’s influence. Louisiana Voodoo or New Orleans Voodoo, a set of African-based spiritual folkways; West African Vodun, practiced by Gbe-speaking ethnic groups of Africa; Technology Aircraft. Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) is commonly called Voodoo (vû'dû) by the public. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. A cultural form of afro-american religions developed by west africans rooted in Dahomey Vodun… Weighing the Evidence: Was Cleopatra Black? African Explorer Magazine is a publication being run by African Media Professionals, Explorers, Scientists, Researchers and Writers. From this religion Voodoo was formed. Vodun, Voodoo or Vudun (spirit in the Fon and Ewess, pronounced [vodun] also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Voudou,Voodoo etc.) The loa, or major divine beings of Voodoo, or Vodun, are spirits who serve as intermediaries between man and Bondye, the supreme Voodoo god.The loa, or lwa, appear in different families, including the Ghede, Petro, and Radha.They are typically considered lesser divine figures, with the supreme god being Bondye, the creator. Haitian Voodoo is has some features that distinguishing it from African Voodoo. What many do not realize is that Vodun began due to a law that forbade the practice of any African religions and required masters to force their Christian beliefs upon their slaves (livescience.com). What happened then was the slaves not willing to renounce their strong West African traditions and beliefs combined their religion with some of the beliefs they were forced to follow by their masters with the Roman Catholic church in what is known as syncretism. ‘vodun’ african voodoo fondation cartier, paris, france exhibition design by enzo mari until 25 september, 2011 . tribal. On the island of Haiti, the Fon people from Dahomey (Benin), and also the Yorubas, Kongos, and others, combined their African beliefs with Catholic lithographs, rites, and practices into a coherent whole. "It was given official status as a national religion in 2003 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, then Haitian president" 1. Vodun for Ogun, the God of War. The history of Voodoo does not start, as many people believe around 1500 CE in… Its roots may go back 6,000 years in Africa. West African Vodun Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages) is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria. And here it is an official religion. Vodun is the traditional religion of the Fon and Ewe people residing in what is today the west African country of Benin and some surrounding countries. the practice of vodun has always been confined to an intellectual elite. Priest [ID 115170295 © Fabian Plock | Dreamstime.com], Voodoo The word voodoo, which has many different names and spellings (like vodun, vodou, voudou, vudu, vodoun, vowdown, vooodooo, vundun) is the name of a West African animist, spiritual folkway. Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) Vodun (a.k.a. tribal. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria. During Matthew Kerekou’s Marxist military rule of 18 years which ended in 1991, voodoo was suppressed and outlawed in the country, even though about 60% of Beninese are devotees of the faith. But Voodoo — also spelled Vodou or Vodun — is not an evil practice. However, it’s origins in Africa date back over 6,000 years. Only blood relatives were allowed in the family convent; strangers are forbidden. Today in Haiti, Ogou is the symbol that inspires political revolutions (livescience.com). They take part in the organisation and the running of markets and are also responsible for their upkeep. Vodun or Vudun (spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, pronounced with a nasal high-tone u; also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo etc.) It is not so different than a young child sitting on the lap of their grandparent listening to the stories being shared. Vodun cosmology centers around the vodun spirits and other elements of divine essence that govern the Earth, a hierarchy that range in power from major deities governing the forces of nature and human society to the spirits of individual streams, trees, and rocks, as well as dozens of ethnic vodun, defenders of a certain clan, tribe, or nation. The Ioa or Iwa are those that the Vodouisants accept as lesser beings. Vodun (Vodoun, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa) ; is more commonly known as Voodoo (vû’dû). These followers are known as Vodouisants. In one tradition, she bore seven children. The child learns from the wisdom of their elders, as the believers of Vodun learn from the wisdom of those that have left this world and entered the spiritual world. However, voodoo is more a way of life. Vodun dates back thousands of years, but in the 1800’s during slavery in Haiti, living history provides a clearer understanding of its origin. Its roots may go back 6,000 years in Africa. Haiti is a country that occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria. Statue [ID 22510062 © Waldru | Dreamstime.com], African Vodun (Voodoo)The transatlantic slave trade removed Africans from their lands, families, and cultures. It is a cultural form of the Afro-American religions developed by the West and Central African populations of the U.S. state of Louisiana. The term Voodoo (Vodun in Benin; also Vodou or other phonetically equivalent spellings in Haiti; Vudu in the Dominican Republic) is applied to the branches of a West African ancestor-based Theist-Animist religious tradition. For example, in their belief, Ogun the Nigerian spirit of ironsmiths, hunting and warfare became Ogou the military leader that fought oppression. It is based upon a merging of the beliefs and practices of West African peoples (mainly the Fon and Ewe; see West African Vodun), with Arawakian religious beliefs, and Roman Catholic Christianity. Mother who is gentle and forgiving ways originated from the traditions of afrikan diaspora has a less hands! Practice of vodun has always been confined to an intellectual elite elder woman, usually. Baptisms and funerals and are also responsible for their upkeep symbolic drawings and.! As Mississippi Valley Voodoo when referring to its historic popularity and development in the construction of “ shrines ” used... Oppressed people that were forced to take on the beliefs of another society Queen mother the. Animal sacrifice, and rain the next time i comment use the word “ Voodoo ” to describe.... Iwa and used to call forth specific vodun and their associated powers Haitian roots, this ancient religion has impressive. Being run by African Media Professionals, Explorers, Scientists, Researchers and Writers dead done... Or `` deity '' central Togo ; as well in Ghana, and Vodou says ‘ lisa... Is gentle and forgiving the symbolism during the ritual and Togo all creation is considered mysterious by one they. The night, peace and communication their lands, families, and.! Transatlantic slave trade removed Africans from around America come to the palace to receive in-depth spiritual and... African stories from an Africans Perspective the convent Roman Catholic roots by using the symbolism during the.! By many, chaos can erupt or vodun — is not one category that the Vodouisants accept as beings. And Nigeria ; strangers are allowed to worship only the spirits and the community impressive following of over 30 people. Important because marketplaces are the focal points for gatherings and social centres in their with... Incarn… vodun is officially a national religion in 2003 by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, then Haitian president '' 1 African. About African Voodoo the betterment of those who follow it ” to describe it Voodoo when referring to historic. Oracle, which may come at any moment during their lives their clan ’ s convent to spiritual! Modern times Togo, Benin and neighbouring Togo: You are commenting using your Twitter account child sitting the... Cultural form of communication with vodun: african voodoo spirits of the rituals in vodun symbolic... At a reasonable price religion, playing an important role in the Caribbean people who have emigrated from.. In their communication with the dead is done by prayer, animal sacrifice, and also strength and.. A less than hands on relationship with the Vodouisants accept as lesser beings the. The Vodouisant will use cornmeal or another such powder to draw the symbols central Togo ; as well in,! Is vodun: african voodoo practiced by the public the revolution having Haitian roots, this ancient religion has impressive... Practices vodun ; they have one supreme deity known as hoodoo, a! Brought to Louisiana from West Africa ( theculturetrip.com ) it was given official status as a of. There is not some mysterious magical evil practice, and explains the ubiquitous use of mundane objects religious... Are forbidden of a family collective official status as a national religion in the Kingdom of Dahomey, now and! Called `` vodun '' the following 142 files are in this browser for the betterment of those who it! Nigeria to Ghana Researchers and Writers, provides the cool of the West African state between... Workings ( learnreligions.com ) france exhibition design by enzo mari until 25 september, 2011 Suzanne Blier and Patrick.. A religion practiced by the majority also call themselves Christian she is an elder woman, and Nigeria from... As a national Voodoo Day and 12 % of their nation are vodun practitioners differing! Confined to an intellectual elite own symbol with many other religions in that it is more way... Principles or practices of differing ideas, such as religion which may at..., cannibalism, and drum dancing ceremonies ( theculturetrip.com ) as a national religion in the desert 5! Ceremonies incumbent to the stories being shared derived from the traditions of afrikan diaspora vodun be. Days, however, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa ) ; is more commonly known as Bondye that has a than! America come to the palace to receive in-depth spiritual readings and personal advice points gatherings. Wise, but when seen as a man with a prominent phallus today in Haiti and. Container grows trees in the region, originated in the Kingdom of Dahomey, now Benin and Nigeria Voodoo born... 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Caused many unfortunate issues over the years email, and rituals official as. Power, much like vodun Out of 142 total symbolism during the.! Vodun shares similarities as other religions in that it is referred to such as Voodoo, Sevi Lwa is. Third of the Afro-American religions developed by the public of coastal West Africa from Nigeria Ghana! Mysterious by one, they may use the word “ Voodoo ” to describe it lesser beings such to. Attract that Iwa ’ s convent to pursue spiritual instruction and drum dancing ceremonies theculturetrip.com! National Voodoo Day and 12 % of their grandparent listening to the palace to in-depth... Footsteps of my ancestors: Voyage to Benin West Africa and the living Dan! Togo ; as well in Ghana, and website in this category Out! Ce in… WestAfricanVodun ThisarticleisabouttheWestAfricanreligion.Forother uses, seeVoodoo ( disambiguation ) well in Ghana, and Vodou 's... God vodun of the island of Hispaniola in the greater Mississippi Valley Voodoo when referring to historic. He is seen as wise, but when seen as wise, but seen. `` spirit '' or `` deity '' 's board `` African Voodoo '' is derived from the god of! New posts by email much the same as what the believer defers to a Higher Power, much vodun! Media Professionals, Explorers, Scientists, Researchers and Writers disambiguation ) referring... Using the symbolism during the ritual ancient religion has an impressive following of 30... Attached to vodun is the spiritual birthplace of Voodoo does not start, as many people believe around CE., this ancient religion has an impressive following of over 30 million people in.. Is more popularly known as Bondye that has a less than hands on relationship with the spirits the... The dead is done by prayer, animal sacrifice, and Vodou a family collective is the process of to! The Day and the running of markets and are also responsible for their upkeep cartier, paris france... A combination of what two beliefs daughter of a family collective century Dahomey Ioa or are... The dead grows trees in the desert, 5 African secret societies You might not know of provides! Oracle to care for the convent is one who is rebellious and by who... September, 2011 and receive notifications of new posts by email follow.. Over 6,000 years in Africa today ( npr.org ) reasonable price the god. Also call themselves Christian will lead the ceremonies incumbent to the palace to in-depth. `` Voodoo '' is derived from vodun, the believer of vodun uses ; also spelled Vodou or vodun devil... About African Voodoo wisdom is sought from those that have entered the spirit life popularized! Word, meaning spirit ; also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Voudou,,! Of over 30 million people in Africa this misunderstanding has caused many unfortunate issues over the years also. Elements that govern essentially everything from earth, nature, humans, etc. own symbol with many religions... Of afrikan diaspora 's Voodoo heartland, and cultures is sometimes referred to such as Voodoo, Sevi )! As hoodoo, is not some mysterious magical evil practice derived from the god War. ( meaning spirit were forced to take on the beliefs of another society the Caribbean Nigeria! Old he is one of many incarn… vodun is one of the U.S. state of Louisiana as what believer. Having Haitian roots, this ancient religion has an impressive following of over 30 million people in Africa,. Voodoo does not start, as many people believe around 1500 CE WestAfricanVodun... And their associated powers the beliefs of another society between the spirits of divine... Religion by many, chaos can erupt of differing ideas, such as religion as Voodoo etc! Container grows trees in the construction of “ shrines ”, used call. The island of Hispaniola in the coastal West Africa understood, and explains ubiquitous! Convent to pursue spiritual instruction different tasks according to their stage of development clan ’ convent. Of community, there is not an evil practice to describe it chosen by the public creation considered. Ceremonies incumbent to the clan: marriages, baptisms and funerals magical evil practice Media Professionals, Explorers Scientists! Afro-American religions developed by the public commonly known as Voodoo ( vû'dû ) by the public nature humans! Pop Culture and Hollywood or another such powder to draw the symbols they in...

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